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OZ Weekly - Pesach 5780 Digest

04/07/2020 07:23:28 PM

Apr7

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Don't Passover This Important Information...

  • Do not hesitate to contact Rabbi Schwartz about Pesach guidance or assistance - ras@ozny.org
  • Click HERE for the OU's Passover Kosher Guide
  • Click HERE for Online Sale of Chametz Form
  • Click HERE for Article by Dr. Jill Katz: "Celebrating Pesach in the Land of the Pharoahs"
  • Click HERE to download the New Koren RCA Siddur for Chol HaMoed viewing

Pesach ZOOM with OZ

  • Zoom Taanit Bechorot Siyums at 7am, 8am, 9am, 10am - Click HERE for Zoom
  • Zoom Chol HaMoed Hallel & Readings - 8:30am - Click HERE
  • Zoom Chol HaMoed Mishna & Maariv - 7:45pm - Click HERE
  • Zoom Chol HaMoed Monday Night with Rabbi Schwartz: Shir HaShirim - Click HERE
  • Zoom Yizkor for Kedoshei HaShoa & IDF - Tuesday at 6pm - Click HERE

Stay tuned for Youth Programs and Sephardic Programs...


New Zoom April Lunch & Learn with Rabbi Schwartz

Apr. 12 - Sunday

  • Yehoshua-Shoftim
  • Brachos Shabbos Eruvin

Apr. 13 - Monday

  • Shmuel
  • Pesachim, Rosh Hashana, Yoma, Sukkah

Apr. 14 - Tuesday

  • Melachim, Divrei Hayamim
  • Beitza, Ta’anis, Megillah, Chagiga, Moed Katan

Apr. 19 - Sunday

  • Yeshayahu
  • Yevamos  Kesuvos

Apr. 20 - Monday

  • Yirmyahu
  • Nedarim, Nazir

Apr. 22 - Wednesday

  • Yechezkel
  • Sotah Gittin Kedushin

Apr. 24 - Friday

  • Trei Asar
  • Bava kama Bava Metzi’a  Bava Basra

Apr. 26 - Sunday

  • Tehillim Mishle Iyov
  • Sanhedrin Makkos Shvuos Avoda Zara Horayos

Apr. 27 - Monday

  • 5 Megillah
  • Zevachim Menachos Chullin

Apr. 29 - Wednesday

  • Daniel Ezra-Nehemiah
  • Bechoros Arachin Krisos Temura Me’ila Niddah

Guest Dvar Torah by Elana Flaumenhaft

בָּרוּךְ הַמָּקוֹם, בָּרוּךְ הוּא, בָּרוּךְ שֶׁנָּתַן תּוֹרָה לְעַמּוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל, בָּרוּךְ הוּא. כְּנֶגֶד אַרְבָּעָה בָנִים דִּבְּרָה תוֹרָה: אֶחָד חָכָם, וְאֶחָד רָשָׁע, וְאֶחָד תָּם, וְאֶחָד שֶׁאֵינוֹ יוֹדֵעַ לִשְׁאוֹל.

Rabbi Shimon Schwalb in his sefer, Me’en Bait HaShoeva, asked why we preface the 4 sons with the words, “Baruch HaMakom…”? Rabbi Schwalb noted that we use the designation “HaMakom” when we are referring to Hashem’s middah of justice.  For example, when paying a shiva call, we say “HaMakom Yinachem  Etchem etc.”  The reason for this is that when we find ourselves in a painful and sad situation, we feel as if there is something missing from Hashem and the way He conducts our world.   Therefore we say HaMakom during those times so that we acknowledge that we know Hashem is everywhere, there is no empty place in Hashem’s existence.

As we begin fulfilling our responsibility of "והגדת לבנך", “And you will speak to your son” some of us may find ourselves without being blessed with children, or unfortunately a child who isn’t on the correct path at the moment and therefore cannot fulfill this mitzvah.  So we begin the paragraph saying, “Baruch HaMakom” – we acknowledge that Hashem is truly there and everywhere.  As most of us find ourselves by ourselves, without family nearby, it is important to remember that Hashem is there and always watching over us.


PESACH GUIDE & SCHEDULE 5780
Adapted from Rabbi Josh Flug OU/YU
 
Tuesday Night

  • Zoom Mishna & Maariv at 7:45pm
  • Bedikas Chametz (Checking for Chametz) should be performed after 8:18 PM (Tzeit HaKochavim)
  • Recite Kiddush Levana by this time.

Wednesday Morning

  • Shacharis — on Erev Pesach, we omit מזמור לתודה and למנצח.
  • Fast of the Firstborn — Under the circumstances today and this particular fast, one may rely on a siyum over the phone of video conference.
  • Those in the week of Shiva should participate in the 8am Siyum, as Makkos concludes with Divrei Agadatta.
  • We will have Zoom Siyumim at
    • 7am  Bava Kama
    • 8am. Makkot (Preferred for observing sitting Shiva)
    • 9am  Sanhedrin
    • 10am Masechet Avoda Zara
  • Drop off Chametz at Ohab Zedek bin (124 West 95th Street) between 9am and 11am (on from the Bedikah! - No excess).
  • Latest time to eat chametz: 10:23AM
  • Latest time to destroy chametz: 11:40AM
  • Destroying Chametz This Year — If you can't drop off your Chametz as listed above, you can flush it down the toilet, or discard in a public receptacle on your corner.
  • On erev Pesach, there is a prohibition against eating matzah. Additionally, one should not eat a meal or drink wine after the tenth hour (4:12PM). This is particularly relevant for those who are doing an erev Pesach mock seder with family over video conference.
  • Eiruv Tavshilin should be prepared.
  • Candle lighting should take place at 7:11PM.

Wednesday Night - Leil HaSeder

  • Ma’ariv for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Pesach.
  • With regard to the Hallel that many shuls have the practice of reciting on the Seder night after Ma’ariv, this practice is only for those who will be davening with a tzibur, and not at all relevant to those who will be davening alone, without a minyan. Even a large family that has a self contained minyan, but will be having the Seder together, should not recite this extra Hallel at the conclusion of Ma’ariv. The extra Hallel after Ma’ariv is only recited when there will be a larger crowd for Ma’ariv and additional pirsumei nisa (publicizing of the miracle). Nusach Ari, Nusach Sefardi and some Nusach Sefard have the minhag to say this Hallel still.
  • Kiddush should not begin before tzeis hakochavim which is at 8:19PM.
  • It is preferable to complete the fourth cup of wine by halachic midnight (chatzos).

Thursday - First Day

  • Shacharis for Yom Tov with the proper Pesach insertions followed by complete Hallel with its berachos.
  • The Torah reading for the first day is “משכו” (Shemos 12:21-51), the maftir is ובחדש הראשון (Bamidbar 28:16-25) and the haftarah is from Yehoshua 3:5-7, 5:2-6:1, 6:27.
  • The Piyut of Tal which is recited on Pesach was only instituted when davening with a tzibur and not when davening alone. One can certainly recite it if they wish, but there is no mandate based on the existing custom to do so.
  • Rabbi Soloveitchik z'l maintained that in order to change the manner in which we describe Hashem from “One who brings the rain” (משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם) to “One who brings the dew” (מוריד הטל) we require the authorization of the community and therefore an individual may not undertake to make this change himself. However, since there is no existent tzibur davening together at this point each individual should recite Morid HaTal in their private Mussaf prayer on the first day of Pesach. When all of the individuals across the Jewish world recite Morid HaTal in their private Mussaf this will create a “resolution of the community” that will be effective in changing the Nusach of our seasonal description of Hashem. However, from Mincha of that day and onward, those who daven Nusach Ashkenaz will stop saying Morid HaTal and those who daven Nusach Sefard will continue to say it, each one according to their custom. 
  • Mussaf Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Pesach.
  • Mincha Amidah for Yom Tov. Ashkenazim should omit משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם and should not recite מוריד הטל.

Thursday Night - Second Seder

  • Nightfall is at 8:20PM. One should not make any preparations for the Seder or light candles before that time.
  • Ma’ariv for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Pesach. See note from first night regarding Hallel.
  • Sefiras Ha’Omer begins. It is recited after the Amidah before Aleinu

 
Friday - Second Day

  • Shacharis for Yom Tov with the proper Pesach insertions followed by complete Hallel with its berachos.
  • The Torah reading for the second day is “שור או כשב” (Vayikra 22:26-23:44), the maftir is ובחדש הראשון (Bamidbar 28:16-25) and the haftarah is from Melachim II 23:1-9, 21-25.
  • Mussaf Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Pesach.
  • Mincha Amidah for Yom Tov.

Friday Night - Erev Shabbat

  • If one prepared an eiruv tavshilin before Yom Tov, one may cook on Yom Tov for Shabbos. One should try to ensure that all of the food that is cooked is potentially edible by sundown (Shkiah) at 7:31PM.
  • Friday night candle lighting should take place after this time and no later than 7:13PM.
  • Once the candles are lit, all of the stringencies of Shabbos are in effect.
  • An abridged קבלת שבת is recited that begins with מזמור שיר ליום השבת. We also omit במה מדליקין.
  • Ma’ariv Amidah is for Shabbos. Ya’aleh V’Yavo is added with proper insertion for Pesach.
  • Vayechulu is recited after the Amidah followed by Sefiras Ha’Omer and Aleinu.
  • If one accepted Shabbos early, one should omit Sefiras Ha’Omer in Ma’ariv and recite it after 8:21PM.

Shabbos Day - Chol HaMoed

  • Shacharis for Shabbos. Ya’aleh V’Yavo is added with proper insertion for Pesach.
  • Half Hallel is recited.
  • Shir HaShirim is traditionally recited with the tzibur at this point  — The custom to read Shir HaShirim on Pesach was clearly instituted only for a tzibur. Nonetheless, there is nothing prohibited about reading Shir HaShirim on Pesach without a tzibur. One should be conscious of the fact that such a reading would not constitute a fulfillment of the original minhag.  
  • The Torah reading for the second day is “ראה אתה” (Shemos 33:12-34:26), the maftir is והקרבתם (Bamidbar 28:19-25) and the haftarah is from Yechezkel 37:1-14.
  • Mussaf for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Shabbos and Pesach.
  • Mincha for Shabbos. Ya’aleh V’Yavo is added with proper insertion for Pesach.
  • Shalosh Seudos should be eaten after Mincha, before 7:32PM (Shkiya)

Saturday Night - Motzaei Shabbos

  • Weekday Amidah should be recited including Atah Chonantanu and Ya’aleh V’Yavo. Additionally, please note the change to ותן ברכה.
  • We do not recite ויהי נועם. After the Amidah, Sefiras Ha’Omer is recited followed by Aleinu.
  • Havdalah is the standard Havdalah for Motzaei Shabbos.

Sunday - Tuesday Chol HaMoed

  • Zoom Hallel & Torah Reading 8:30am (Sun, Mon, Tu)
  • Zoom Mishna & Maariv at 7:45pm (Sun, Mon)
  • Shacharis is weekday Shacharis. מזמור לתודה is omitted. The Amidah should include Ya’aleh V’Yavo with the proper insertion for Pesach. Half Hallel is recited after the Amidah
  • The Torah reading for the second day of Chol HaMoed is “קדש לי” (Shemos 13:1-16) and והקרבתם (Bamidbar 28:19-25).
  • The Torah reading for the third day of Chol HaMoed is “אם כסף” (Shemos 22:24-23:19) and והקרבתם (Bamidbar 28:19-25).
  • The Torah reading for the fourth day of Chol HaMoed is (Bamidbar 9:1-14) and והקרבתם (Bamidbar 28:19-25).
  • We do not recite למנצח on Chol HaMoed.
  • Mussaf for Yom Tov (Chol HaMoed) with proper insertions for Pesach.
  • Weekday Mincha. The Amidah should include Ya’aleh V’Yavo with the proper insertion for Pesach.

Tuesday Night - Last Days 

  • Candle lighting should take place no later than 7:17PM.
  • Shehechiyanu is not recited on the seventh or eighth of Pesach.
  • Ma’ariv for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Pesach. Sefiras Ha’Omer (after 8:25PM)
  • Kiddush for Yom Tov.

Wednesday - Seventh Day

  • Shacharis for Yom Tov with the proper Pesach insertions followed by half Hallel with its berachos.
  • The Torah reading for the seventh day is  Shemos 13:17-15:26, the maftir is והקרבתם (Bamidbar 28:19-25) and the haftarah is from Shmuel II 22:1-51.
  • Mussaf Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Pesach.
  • Mincha Amidah for Yom Tov.

Wednesday Night - Achron

  • Nightfall is at 8:26PM. One should not make any preparations for the meal or light candles before that time. One should also wait until this time to recite Ma’ariv.
  • Shehechiyanu is not recited on the seventh or eighth night of Pesach.
  • Ma’ariv for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Pesach. Sefiras Ha’Omer.
  • Kiddush for Yom Tov.

Thursday - Eighth Day

  • Shacharis for Yom Tov with the proper Pesach insertions followed by half Hallel with its berachos.
  • The Torah reading for the eight day is Devarim 15:19-16:17, the maftir is והקרבתם (Bamidbar 28:19-25) and the haftarah is from Yeshayahu 10:32-12:6.
  • Yizkor can be recited without a minyan. One should make sure to pledge money to tzedakah before reciting Yizkor.
  • Mussaf Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Pesach.
  • Mincha Amidah for Yom Tov.
  • Yom Tov concludes at 8:27 PM.
  • Weekday Ma’ariv should include Atah Chonantanu. Sefiras Ha’Omer.
  • Havdalah includes only two berachos: HaGafen and HaMavdil (no besamim or eish).
  • All chametz sold with Rabbi Schwartz will be repurchased at 10:30 PM.
Fri, July 3 2020 11 Tammuz 5780